Norske Skog Skogn and Levanger Drift og Montasje, in consultation with Norsk
Landbruksrådgivning, the County Governor of Trøndelag, and farmers in Trøndelag,
explores the opportunity for a significant climate initiative in Norwegian
agriculture. The ambition is to collect up to 700 000 tonnes of livestock waste
in Trøndelag for production of environmentally sustainable biogas, which would
significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions, reduce costs and provide access
to bio fertiliser.
The climate agreement between farmers and the Ministry of Agriculture targets 25
percent of all livestock waste in Norway to be used for biogas production.
Today, only one percent of such waste (ca. 70 000 tonnes) is used for this
purpose. A large-scale biogas plant at Fiborgtangen would be able to increase
the national share up to 10 percent by collecting a significant amount of the
livestock waste in Trøndelag. The project has already entered into supplier
agreements with around 20 farmers, and will now investigate the wider interest
for participating. Interested parties can make contact via
"Norwegian biogas production from livestock waste is currently far too low,
despite the potential to be a very important contributor to reducing
agricultural greenhouse gas emissions. One of the largest challenges relate to
transport, i.e. the delivery of livestock waste to the biogas plant and the bio
fertiliser back to the farmers. This challenge, as well as the opportunity to
realise significant positive environmental and climate effects through biogas
production, was the reason why a transport grant scheme was established in 2012
and that this scheme was further strengthened in 2021. It is very encouraging to
see that the agricultural industry now invests in biogas," says Bjørn Huso,
Section Leader in the Ministry of Agriculture.
Livestock waste has a low energy and dry matter content, and it is therefore
necessary to make large-scale investments to ensure an economically sustainable
project. This includes investments in logistics systems, digestion and upgrading
tanks, as well as facilities for liquefaction. Collaborating with a large number
of farmers is therefore necessary to achieve the required economies of scale.
"Norske Skog Skogn already has very low greenhouse gas emissions. We want to
contribute with our industrial expertise and infrastructure so that the
agricultural industry in Trøndelag will become a national leader in reducing its
greenhouse gas emissions through establishing a large-scale biogas plant. A
biogas project at Fiborgtangen headed by Norske Skog Skogn will be able to draw
on decades of experience with large-scale process industry and logistics, as
well as many years of experience with biogas production in Norway. Fiborgtangen
has large nearby livestock production, high capacity for efficient inbound and
outbound logistics, as well as large and suitable land areas for biogas
production. A biogas plant of this size will contribute 10-15 jobs directly
related to production, as well as positive ripple effects both during
construction and operations," says Håvard Busklein, Managing Director at Norske
Skog Skogn AS.
By receiving and using up to 700,000 tonnes of livestock waste, the plant would
be able to produce large quantities of biogas annually, which can replace fossil
natural gas in Norway, the Nordics and Europe. Trøndelag today has several
well-established biogas plants that handle waste streams from the marine
industry and households. Farmers in Trøndelag are currently requesting similar
solutions for agriculture to complement current biogas plants. By using
livestock waste as raw material in the production, a new biogas plant at
Fiborgtangen would address this need. Since the production will be based on
large amounts of livestock waste and other raw materials from the agricultural
sector, it will generate large amounts of bio fertiliser of high quality that
farmers can use to reduce their use of artificial fertilisers. If the biogas
project is realised, it will serve as an example for potential new facilities in
areas with a high livestock density.
"For the agricultural sector, livestock waste is an important raw material, but
it is also a source of greenhouse gas emissions and generates large costs for
several farms. By providing livestock waste for biogas production, farmers will
receive transportation grants from the Ministry of Agriculture, attain access to
bio fertiliser to replace expensive artificial fertilisers, and reduce their
greenhouse gas emissions. All in all, this project is very positive for the
agricultural sector," says Frode Lund, Gårdbruker.
"More agricultural-based biogas plants is a national goal. The climate agreement
between farmers and the Ministry of Agriculture states that 25 percent of
livestock waste in Norway should go to a biogas plant by 2030. The bio
fertiliser from the process produce less odor and less greenhouse gas emissions
compared to livestock waste. The bio fertiliser can be spread on fields in a
similar manner as livestock waste using ordinary spreading equipment. Bio
fertiliser contains the same proportion of plant nutrients as livestock waste
before biogas production, and adds important nutrients to the soil, which is
positive for plant growth and soil life. This investment will be a positive
contributor to the farmers' climate accounts, and strengthens the economy and
the sustainability of the agricultural sector," says Jan Arve Langørgen, Adviser
at Norsk Landbruksrådgivning.
Norwegian agriculture has reduced greenhouse gas emissions by 4.7 percent in the
period 1990 to 2021. Agriculture still accounts for 9.4 percent of total
greenhouse gas emissions in Norway. Production of biogas and bio fertiliser from
livestock waste will both help to reduce emissions of methane and nitrous oxide.
The project will also contribute positively to several of the UN's Sustainable
Development Goals, including (7) Affordable and clean energy, (11) Sustainable
cities and communities, (12) Responsible consumption and production, (13)
Climate action, (15) Life on land, and (17) Partnerships for the goals.
"We have contributed statistics, professional advice and local knowledge about
agriculture and livestock in our area. Livestock waste is an important resource
for the agriculturcal sector, but can also be a challenge for the soil and water
environment as well as for achieving agriculture's climate goals. Biogas
production based on livestock waste can be a good and timely measure," says Ivar
Stokkan at the County Governor of Trøndelag.
The project will now enter a feasibility study where a detailed project plan
will be prepared, supplier agreements will be entered into with farmers, and
financing opportunities explores. The project aims to conclude these processes
by late in the second half of 2023.
About Norske Skog Skogn AS
Norske Skog Skogn has 360 employees and a turnover of around NOK 3.0 billion as
well as a production capacity of 480,000 tonnes of newsprint and packaging paper
with main markets in Europe.
About Levanger Drift og Montasje AS
Levanger Drift og Montasje specialises in handling livestock waste